Over the years, students of Five Aspects of Man and Five Aspects of Woman have encountered a number of fundamental controversies about the teaching of the Bible (or the implicataions of that teaching).  Orthodox Christian men and women, in their discussions and debates with religious feminists in their churches, have sometimes requested ICGS to provide additional analysis of these issues in order to equip themselves to be more effective defenders and communicators of Biblical truth in this area.

ICGS has developed a number of articles over the years, written in order to assist students of our courses to understand an issue, to solve a problem, or to make a decision. As needed and as such articles are created, they will be archived here for the edification of those who will find this kind of resource useful.

Articles from the previous ICGS website are being moved to this site.  Until that task is finished, the current articles with titles in blue are temporarily unavailable.  Papers with titles in gold are links to those articles.

Is God Masculine?

The overtly masculine portrayal of God in the Bible is a modern scandal of epic proportions, and religious feminists within the Church have mounted a persistent attack on the notion that this portrait of God is true in any absolute sense.  This article surveys Biblical and theological evidences for God’s masculinity, and explains why it matters.


If masculinity and femininity are “hard-wired” by the fact of God’s creating them at the beginning, why do so many men appear to have feminine characteristics, and women appear to have masculine ones?

Searching for the Goddess

Related to the attack from religious feminists on the Bible’s presentation of a masculine God, egalitarians have often striven to find a feminine God in the pages of the Bible.  This article refutes feminist arguments that attempt to substantiate the femininity of God from Scripture.

The Mother of All Mothers

If God is the archetypal model of masculinity, what is the archetypal model of femininity?  This article surveys the original, exemplary and archetypal models of Biblical femininity, including: Eve, Lady Wisdom, Israel, the Virgin Mary, and the Church.

Who is Lady Wisdom?

This article expounds the feminine personification of wisdom in Proverbs 1-9, explaining why she is not Christ nor a goddess. Lady Wisdom’s true character has vital importance in a Biblical theology of sexuality as well as in everyday life—for both men and women.



Bill’s Blog Posts

Bill's blog Faith and Gender is now migrated onto this website. The comments are now visible!

Access Bill's blog by clicking here.





Copyright © 2012 ICGS