Over the years, students of Five Aspects of Man and Five Aspects of Woman have encountered a number of fundamental controversies about the teaching of the Bible (or the implicataions of that teaching).  Orthodox Christian men and women, in their discussions and debates with religious feminists in their churches, have sometimes requested ICGS to provide additional analysis of these issues in order to equip themselves to be more effective defenders and communicators of Biblical truth in this area.

ICGS has developed a number of “white papers” over the years, written in order to assist students of our courses to understand an issue, to solve a problem, or to make a decision. As needed and as such white papers are created, they will be archived here for the edification of those who will find this kind of resource useful.

This current ICGS website “went live” in August 2012, and white papers from the previous ICGS website are being moved to this site.  Until that task is finished, the current white papers with titles in blue are temporarily unavailable.  Papers with titles in gold are links to those white papers.

Is God Masculine?

The overtly masculine portrayal of God in the Bible is a modern scandal of epic proportions, and religious feminists within the Church have mounted a persistent attack on the notion that this portrait of God is true in any absolute sense.  This white paper surveys Biblical and theological evidences for God’s masculinity, and explains why it matters.


If masculinity and femininity are “hard-wired” by the fact of God’s creating them at the beginning, why do so many men appear to have feminine characteristics, and women appear to have masculine ones?

Searching for the Goddess

Related to the attack from religious feminists on the Bible’s presentation of a masculine God, egalitarians have often striven to find a feminine God in the pages of the Bible.  This white paper refutes feminist arguments that attempt to sustantiate the femininity of God from Scripture.

The Mother of All Mothers

If God is the archetypal model of masculinity, what is the archetypal model of femininity?  This white paper surveys the original, exemplary and archetypal models of Biblical feminity, including: Eve, Lady Wisdom, Israel, the Virgin Mary, and the Church.

Who is Lady Wisdom?

This white paper expounds the feminine personification of wisdom in Proverbs 1-9, explaining why she is not Christ nor a goddess. Lady Wisdom’s true character has vital importance in a Biblical theology of sexuality as well as in everyday life—for both men and women.


Breaking News

The first two white papers to move from our old web site to this one is now online: Crosstypes and Is God Masculine?

As additional white papers are posted to the archive of white papers, we will post a notice in this space.

Blog Updates

Bill's blog Faith and Gender is now partially migrated from the servers of ICGS' old web site to this one. The comments are now visible! When we get a few more tweaks and tests done, the category tags will show up again.

Access Bill's blog by clicking here or via a link at the Blogs page (available on the navigation bar at the top of all pages).


Duly Noted

Link to archives

A Bridge Too Far — When Masculinity Mattered at the Movies

Brad schaeffer's essay at Big Hollywood looks at the masculinity portrayed in the 1977 film A Bridge Too Far, noting the sea change in the kind of men one finds in film 40 years ago compared to the male "heros" of today: "the pasty-faced overly-sensitive coastal metrosexual vampire ('Twilight') or the buff but caricatured superhero ('The Green Lantern'). Read all of Schaeffer's essay here.

Schaeffer concludes his essay with this observation:

My son, not yet 10, loves this movie [A Bridge Too Far]. My theory is that when he sees how these soldiers comport themselves with stoic valor that belies their genuine fears it taps into his still developing innate manhood; something primordial in him triggers a connection with alpha males like Col. Frost, the taciturn Gel. Gavin (O’Neal) the rock steady British Genl. Roy Urquhart (Connery), the no-nonsense cigar-chomping Col. Stout (Gould) and the cool and collected Sgt. Dohun (Caan) – who risks court-martial to honor a promise to keep his severely wounded lieutenant alive.





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